Components Of Fitness And Fundamentals
Namaste. Today I am going to tell you about a new topic. And that is the fitness fundamental and its components. Fitness is an increasing inefficiency. The importance of fitness is increasing with the changing times, so keeping fit is very important because having fitness helps your body stay healthy.
There are five different aspects of fitness because everyone is physically the same, everyone in each class needs all five of these aspects. The goal of all the groups should be to improve the quality of life by improving the functioning of all these five components.
Health-based and skill-based fitness are two types of categories of fitness. The ability to hurt, lunges, muscle, and tendon to function well means that a person is active or fit. Regular physical activity improves the physical fitness of the body.
The ability of fitness to express the skill used in sport and physical activities. they help in sports and work in any sports.
Five Components are
- Cardiovascular Endurance
- Muscular Endurance
- Musculoskeletal Strength
- Ideal Body composition
1. Cardiovascular Endurance
The first component, The ability of the heart, circulatory system, and respiratory system to supply oxygenated blood to the skeletal muscles for a long time called Cardiovascular Endurance.
Without cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance cannot be challenged or used. Once cardiovascular fatigue occurs, it will be impossible to use the strength of the musculoskeletal system of the body.
These types of exercises are commonly called cardiovascular exercise. The intensity of the exercise should be so low that the person exercising should be able to do it for at least 20 minutes without stopping.
2. Muscular Endurance
Ability to contract muscles or groups of such muscles with low intensity but consistently and without fatigue. Lack of this component of fitness can lead to problems in performing the given actions for cardiovascular injury. But the root cause of early fatigue is not in the cardiovascular and respiratory system but the musculoskeletal system.
It is defined as the capacity of the skeletal muscles or a group of skeletal muscles to produce strength in a single contraction. If this element of fitness is deficient then one who needs very little cardiovascular endurance.
Ligaments and tendons are both connective tissues, the ligament connects the two bones and the tendons musculature to the bone. Weight training is required to increase the strength factor and its intensity should be 6 to 8 rep max.
- Extensibility is the ability to stretch your muscles to the maximum.
- Elasticity is the ability of your muscles to recover after stretching.
Ideal Body Compositions
Fundamental of fitness
- Specificity – The first fundamentals, There are specific types of exercise that improve every aspect of fitness. No single action or type of exercise can improve all aspects of fitness. For example, stretching only increases flexibility and does not improve any other aspect of fitness. Cardiovascular exercise does not increase musculoskeletal strength, and strength training does not increase cardiovascular endurance.
- Progressions – In addition to the risk of injury, a steady increase in workload in proportion to the benefits received leads to an improvement in the general level of fitness.
- Overload – When the body is stressed or overloaded more than the stress it has to deal with in daily life, the efficiency of the muscles involved in that work increases.
- Intensity – Cardiovascular intensity can be measured in terms of maximum heart rate MHR (maximum rate of heart rate).
- Duration – Time spent doing an exercise type. For the aerobic type of exercise, this is the period when the heart rate rises as expected.